Affected by Confucianism, China has been loyal since ancient times. Ma Rong, a famous ancient writer in the East Han Dynasty, once edited a “Loyal Scripture”, bluntly:
“The world is to virtue, it’s loyal.”
List “loyalty” as the most noble morality. Because of this, for thousands of years, every time the Chinese nation suffers, there are always a large number of courtiers who have adhered to loyalty and admire for future generations. For example, Yue Fei during the Song Dynasty, Wen Tianxiang in the late Southern Song Dynasty, and Shi Kefa in the late Ming Dynasty, etc. These loyal ministers were the backbone of the nation. However, compared to Yue Wumeu, Wen Zhonglie, and Shi Zhongjing, the reputation of Yao Jun Su of the Sui Dynasty was much smaller. In the author’s heart, under the haze of the dying of the Sui Dynasty, Yao Jun Su can be regarded as a dazzling sunshine.
1. There are many rebels in the late Sui Dynasty
In the era of peace, the opposite of “loyal ministers” is undoubtedly a traitor. But when the mountains and rivers were broken, and when the world was covered, opposite to the “loyal minister” became a “rebel minister”. The rebels of the Sui Dynasty should not be said to be not much.
After Emperor Sui Yang Yang ascended the throne, he was ambitious and did three major events, namely the construction of the Luoyang Royal Palace, excavated the Grand Canal, and the expedition Goguryeo. The first two things made it difficult for the people to bear strict diligence, and the people revealed their poles. The latter things made the Sui Dynasty completely lost the support of the scholars, so the world was in chaos and it was difficult to clean up.
As we all know, at the end of the Qin Dynasty, Chen Sheng and Wu Guang took the lead in the uprising. Later, the peasants such as Liang and Liu Bang swept the world, and the demise of the Qin Dynasty was destroyed by the farmers.
The Sui Dynasty was different. Although the Sui Dynasty was weakened by the peasant uprising army, it was eventually destroyed by the Sui Dynasty courtiers.
Seven years of great cause of the Sui Dynasty, Emperor Sui Yang expedition to Goguryeo, Zou Ping (Zou Ping, Shandong), Wang Bo took the lead in the uprising, but was defeated by the official army many times. Later, the Sui Dynasty ritual of the Ministry of Rites Yang Xuan felt that he was fighting against Sui in Liyang and besieged the Sui Dynasty’s capital Luoyang. This really ignited the chaos of the world, and then, Dou Jiande, Duvway, Wagang Army and other farmers uprising arbitrarily rose up. After several years of development, the former Sui Dynasty courtiers took control of the overall situation and became the “culprit” of the real extinction of the Sui Dynasty. There are mainly the following three people:
(1) Li Yuan (left -behind, Tang Guogong in the Sui Dynasty), Li Yuan was born in a famous door, and also had an in -laws with Emperor Sui Yang. However, in 617 AD, Li Yuan took advantage of the Wagang Army and the official army during the Luoyang war. In the Sui Army, Li Yuan did not choose to attack Luoyang, but attacked Chang’an directly to the southwest, allowing the Sui Dynasty to be out of control in the northwest. “Old Tang Book” cloud:
Gao Zu’s only husband’s fortune, knowing the new Lord’s prosperity, secret luck …
Li Yuan first abolished Yang Guang’s throne, supported Yang Yan as the emperor, established the puppet regime, and then established the Tang Dynasty. In the end, the Tang Dynasty unified the world.
As the ministers of the Sui Dynasty, Li Yuan was the biggest beneficiary of the Sui Dynasty’s demise.
(2) Wang Shichong (Jiangdu is guarded, Zheng Guogong), Wang Shichong was born in a small official, and was favored by Emperor Sui Yang by the charm. After Emperor Sui Yang went to Jiangdu, he assisted Yue Wang Yangtong to defend the country and Luoyang. However, Emperor Sui Yang died. Later, after Wang Shichong embraced the emperor and the master, he usurped his own self -reliance, allowing the Sui Dynasty to fall instantly. “Sui Shu” cloud:
Wang Chongdou, who was fortunate, was awarded, and he was awarded to the old ministers. It is both a period of collapse and cannot be exhausted.
After Emperor Yang Guang of Sui Yang collapsed, Yang Tong (Huang Tai Lord) was Yang Guangqin’s heirs. Wang Shichong not only killed Yang Tong, stole the Sui Dynasty regime, but also occupied Luoyang of the Sui Dynasty. Wang Shichong, as a minister of the Sui Dynasty, intends to “inherit” the capital and regime of Sui Dynasty. No wonder the Sui Shu said “
The heavens and the earth are not allowed, and the human gods are indignant
(3) Yu Culture and (General of the Forbidden Army, General of the Right Tuna), Yu Culture and the descendants of the Huns. Because of greed illegal illegal, they were killed by Emperor Sui Yang in jail. He was the close minister of Emperor Sui Yang. When the Sui Dynasty Building was leaning, Yu Culture and launched the “change of Jiangdu” to kill Emperor Yang Guang of Sui Yang.
As a close minister of the Sui Dynasty and Emperor Sui Yang, Yu Culture and the crisis of the country should take responsibility for protecting Emperor Sui Yang, but he suddenly fell down, forced the Emperor Sui Yang, and usurped the throne. “Sui Shu” said he was:
“Woohoo, the people who are the people are not Yin Jian!
In addition to the above three people, there are several Sui Dynasty officials:
(4) Li Mi, who was once the East Palace of the Sui Dynasty, was a ministers of the Sui Dynasty. Later, he joined the Wagang Army and served as its leader.
(5) Li Rou, the end of the Sui Dynasty, served as Sima, Yingyangfu, Wuwei County, and later fought against the Sui Dynasty and claimed to be the emperor of Dallang.
(6) Xiao Mo, the sixth grandson of Emperor Liang Wu, Xiao Yan, Yang Guangnian and he were the blood of the former royal family. He appointed him to serve as the Luochuan County.
(7) Shen Faxing, Wu Xing County of the Sui Dynasty, and in the end of the Sui Dynasty, he was rebellious and claimed to be Liang Wang.
(8) Xue Ju, who served as captain of Jincheng for thirteen years of great careers, later established himself as emperor and claimed to be the Western Qin Tyrannosaurus.
(9) Zhu Xi, once served as the official in the Sui Dynasty, and later rebelled in Sui.
All of the above are the leaders of the insurgents. Except for the leaders, there are more Sui Dynasty rebels around them, which will not be listed here. But there is an exception that this person is Yao Jun Su.
2. I want to stop Li Yuan to go
Who is Yao Jun Su, according to the “Sui Shu” record:
Yao Jun Su, Wei County Tangyin also. When Emperor Yan was the King of Jin, Jun Su followed the left and right. In the throne, he moved to the Eagle Raider.
Yao Jun Su is a native of Tangyin, Henan. After a few years, it is also the birthplace of the famous Southern Song Dynasty Yue Fei. From the above paragraph, it can be seen that Yao Jun Su was the old man of Emperor Sui Yang. In his early years, he followed Yang Guang. After Yang Guang ascended the throne, Yao Junsu repeatedly promoted.
Yao Jun Su was also a famous minister during the period of Emperor Sui Yang. He rose strictly. In the end of the Sui Dynasty, with the imperial court, the officials of the Sui Dynasty had sold soldiers who had escaped without permission, including Yang Guang’s most elite Xiao Guo Army. Essence But only the soldiers of His Majesty Yao Jun Su did not run away. History
“Jun Su’s Ministry”
Essence It can be seen that in terms of governing the army, Yao Junsu’s ability is still very prominent.
Although Yao Jun Su is also considered a generation of famous generals, unfortunately, he encountered another era, Li Yuan.
During the period of Emperor Sui Yang, Tang Guogong Li Yuan was ordered to be left -behind. In 617, Li Shimin’s persuasion, Li Yuan started troops to fight against Sui in Jinyang (Taiyuan). In order to be able to smoothly stand on the heel, Li Yuan made two major decisions. At the first time, Liu Wenjing secretly secretly made East Turkic Turkistan and won the support of East Asian overlord East Turks; the second was to capture Changan as the goal.
As we all know, the country of the Sui Dynasty was in Luoyang. If the Sui Dynasty wanted to fight against the Sui Dynasty, it was undoubtedly the first choice to capture Luoyang. However, Li Yuan believes that the Wagang Army led by Li Mi is attacking each other near Luoyang (Wang Shichong). Changan is the capital of the Han Dynasty. If Chang’an is occupied, it is not only significant, but also avoids the major forces of the Central Plains.
However, on the way from Jinyang to Changan, Li Yuan met Yao Jun Su, who was stationed in Puzhou.
After Li Yuan’s first battle, he attacked Huo Yi (Linfen), and Huo Yishou easily won by Li Yuan’s army by Li Yuan. Later, Li Yuan began to attack Tongguan, and another Sui Dynasty famous player was in Tongguan. Qu Tongtong and Li Yuan confronted Li Yuan for nearly a month. In the end, he was defeated by Li Shimin’s general Duan Zhixuan for sneak attack. Next, before Li Yuan captured Changan, the strongest enemy was Yao Jun Su.
Yao Junsu knew that Li Yuanbing was strong, and he was anxious to capture Changan. Therefore, he tightened the fence, strengthened the city wall, and fought with Li Yuan for a long time. Li Yuan was very anxious and sent general Lu Shaozong to attack the city. As a result, Lu Shaozong was defeated. Li Yuan also sent the general Wei Yijie to attack the city, and eventually failed to break through the gate of Puzhou.
The righteous teacher sent Lu Shaozong and Wei Yijie to attack it. (“Sui Shu”)
Li Yuan wanted to be angry and opened up the passage from Jinyang to Changan, but he did not expect Yao Jun Su to stay in the city gate, like a wedge, firmly nailed to the east bank of the Yellow River, letting Li Yuan get back in dilemma.
In order to explain that Yao Jun Su defended the difficulty of Puzhou, the author made a comparative analysis. At the time, Qu Tongtong had Shoutongguan, and Yaojun Su guarded Puzhou. Qu Dutong was defeated by Li Yuan. Later, Li Yuan surrendered several times, and became the founding hero of the Tang Dynasty. He ranked twelfth in Lingyan Pavilion. Facing the powerful Qu Tongtong, Li Yuan Shang was able to easily capture Tongguan, but Li Yuan could not take Yao Jun Su’s guarding, isolated Puzhou. It shows that Yao Jun Su’s strength and determination are far above the flexion.
Third, don’t persuade me to surrender
What is most admirable for Yao Junsu is that he knows that he has no chance to win. He rejected the persuasion of the three waves of people.
(1) Facing Qu Tongtong’s persuasion: Do you still have a face?
As mentioned above, Li Yuan defeated Qu Tongtong in Tongguan, and Qu Tongtong did not immediately surrender Li Yuan, but fled to Puzhou. After seeing Yao Jun Su, Qu Tongtong felt very aggrieved, and he cried, causing other generals to cry with him.
The author made up for it. The situation was roughly like this. Standing in Puzhou, and waiting for the court to send troops over, it will be able to eliminate Li Yuan rebels. “
But Yao Junsu did not expect that Qu Tongtong poured him a pot of cold and cold water. Qu Tongtong said: “Big Brother, the reason why I go to you is to tell you something to say something. Now Li Yuan’s army is invincible, and the people of all directions have responded. I tried my best to resist Li Yuan. Come down, it is better to go to Li Yuan together and take the wealth early! “
The original words of Qu Tongtong are:
“My army has been defeated, and the flag refers to it. It does not respond. This is the case.
As soon as this language came out, Yao Jun was so angry that Yao Jun Su scolded: “As a courtier of the great Sui Dynasty, your Majesty lets you keep the level, you should fight the blood to the end. Gi, do you still have a face riding it to find me? “
Qu Tongtong said: “I did my best to escape, do you even scold me like this?”
Yao Jun Su said:
“Fang Jinli is still unyielding, so why use more.”
Yao Jun Su means: “You may do your best. I haven’t made all my efforts. I must keep this pass and prevent the rebels from passing.”
Qu Tongtong had to retreat, and later ran to Li Yuan, becoming the founding of the Tang Dynasty.
(2) Facing Li Yuan’s recruitment:
Li Yuan couldn’t attack Puzhou City, so he had to surround the city group to prevent Yao Jun Su from asking for help from the outside world. Yao Jun Su was courageous and conspired. He saw that Puzhou was surrounded by iron barrels and thought about a way.
Shiwei is very urgent, luggage is cut off, Jun Su is a wooden goose, placed on the neck, with the situation, and the Yellow River of the floating, along the flow.
Yao Junsu made a few wooden goose, stuffed the help letter to the goose’s neck, let the goose down the Yellow River, and brought the letter out of the city. Because there is a general in the lower Yellow River, once they find this wooden goose, they will definitely receive this letter.
Although this statement is incredible, this trick has indeed deceived Li Yuan. The wooden goose drifted down the Yellow River smoothly. After being intercepted by the downstream Heyang Shou, after seeing the help letter, he immediately sent the horse to Luoyang and gave it to it to it. Yue Wang Yang Tong.
Yang Tong sighed after learning about the situation of Puzhou. However, at that time, Luoyang and Wagang’s army fought, Yang Tong couldn’t get his troops to reinforce. He could only Feng Yaojun Su as a doctor of Jin Ziguang Lu, and then secretly sent someone to comfort Yao Jun Su. Regardless of whether it is an official or comforting, it is a flower shelf. At this time, Yao Jun Su was lacking in food, and the soldiers had more injuries, no reinforcements and food, and there was no way out.
At this time, Luoyang’s Pang Yu (Jianmen Naoki) and Huangfu Wuyi (General Wu Wei) went to Li Yuan, and Li Yuan sent the two to persuade Yao Jun Su.
Pang Yu and Huangfu undoubtedly represent Li Yuan to come to recruit, and the conditions for opening are also very good:
Under the city, it is for the sake of Chen. Datang gave a voucher again, waiting to be dead.
First, go to Puzhou City to persuade the surrender and have a sincere attitude.
Second, promise to give Yaojun Su coupon.
Third, the soldiers in Baocheng did not die.
In the face of Li Yuan’s recruitment, Yao Junsu’s will firmly, he has no heart, “Sui Shu” cloud:
“Jun Su Xun has no heart.”
In fact, Yao Junsu had trapped the lone city at this time, and it would be meaningless if it was consumed. But he refused to surrender, because there was only one word, that is: loyalty!
(3) Facing the persuasion of his wife: Shooting and killing in person
Yao Jun Su’s wife was clear about the situation in the city. He heard that Li Yuan sent people to persuade him. He was rejected by Yao Jun Su and was anxious. So I came to the city wall in person, and said to Yao Junsu, “Fujun, the Da Sui Dynasty is already endless, and you are so hard to support yourself?”
Yao Junsu stood on the wall and heard his wife’s words very annoyed. He scolded: “The big event in the world knows what your woman knows.” While taking the bow and arrow from the waist, the arrow was shot at the wife. The string fell down, and he killed the city. History:
His wife said to the city again, saying: “The Sui Shi has died, the destiny is belonging, and the monarch is suffering.” Jun Su said: “The world is not known to the woman.” String down.
This is the most controversial place for Yao Jun Su. The reason why he shoots his wife is nothing more than two reasons:
First, his wife, as his own, even blatantly proposed to the Sui Dynasty under the wall of the city wall, and persuaded him to return to the Tang Dynasty. Yao Jun has come to governing the army strictly and shakes his military heart. Even if it is other generals, I am afraid that Yao Jun Su will be killed on the spot, not to mention the pillow. Perhaps, Yao Jun Su killed his wife, and he was sad inside, but he was a soldier, the backbone of Puzhou City, for the sake of the army, he had to do so.
Secondly, Yao Junsu knew that Puzhou City was destined to be unable to keep it. The reason why he was dead was because of adhering to the loyalty in his heart. “Sui Shu” also said:
Jun Su also knows that things will be bad, but it is not easy to keep death. The general said: “I am the old man of the dwelling, and I have a lot of money. As for the righteousness, I have to die.”
Since Puzhou is destined to be able to keep it, his wife is destined to be unable to avoid being humiliated by Tang Jun. Therefore, Yao Junsu took the initiative to kill his wife, so as not to happen to make him embarrassing. Many years later, the Beijing city of the Ming Dynasty was broken by Li Zicheng. The last emperor Zhu Youjian (Emperor Chongzhen) of the Ming Dynasty asked Queen Zhou to commit suicide, and the same reason was the same.
Therefore, regardless of military law or emotion, although Yao Jun Su killed his wife was brutal, it was not understood.
In the world’s chaos, Emperor Sui Yang was still enjoying Jiangdu, and he had “given up treatment” for the Da Suijiangshan.
After eating the food, killing the horse, the war horses, eating bark, eating everything can be eaten. What can soldiers do, what do people do?
People do not talk about life, men and women eat each other, and they are separated from the hearts.
The people broke the food and had a shocking scene: eating people. As a result, the people and soldiers no longer believe in Yao Junsu, no longer believed in the Sui Dynasty.
More than a month later, a strange thing happened in Puzhou City. On the same day, a white Changhong appeared at the gate of Puzhou City. At night, there was news that Yao Junsu was killed by the soldiers around him.
The hearts of the hearts were shocked, and Bai Hong descended to the door. For more than a month, Jun Su was killed by left and right. (“Sui Shu”)
At that time, Li Yuan was stationed in Taiyuan, and the second son Li Shimin persuaded Li Yuan to build a rebellion. Li Yuan hesitated. “New Tang Book” said that “Gao Zuchu is not allowed”, but eventually he decided to betray the Sui Dynasty.
At that time, Yu Culture and Emperor Sui Yang were in Jiangdu, Sima Dezheng and others wanted to launch a coup. Yu Culture and hesitated. “But with culture and eventually betrayed the Sui Dynasty, launched the changes of the river, and killed Yang Guang.
When the same thing happened to Yao Jun Su, Yao Junsu did not hesitate. Even if he had broken food and he had lost the trust of the soldiers, he was pregnant; he still did not choose to betray the Sui Dynasty. As long as he chooses to betray the Sui Dynasty and go to Li Yuan, he can get out of the predicament, but he still has no choice to betray. Because Yao Jun Su was a loyal minister.
Zhongchen Dead Society, Yao Junsu did it.
Five, the wind knows the grass
With Yao Jun Su being killed, Puzhou City was finally broken by Li Yuan. Since then, Li Yuan successfully occupied Chang’an and established the Tang Dynasty the next year. Under the wheel of history, Yao Junsu was just blocking the towering Tang Dynasty, but Tang Taizong Li Shimin did not forget him. Because of the moment Li Yuan started his troops, Li Shimin followed Li Yuan, Li Shimin admired the loyal ministers such as Sui Dynasty.
Twenty years later, in the twelve years of Zhenguan, Li Shimin returned to Chang’an from Luoyang. After passing by Puzhou, Yao Junsu’s deeds once again caused Li Shimin’s emotions. “Zi Zhi Tong Jian” records:
Wu Yin, 诏 said: “The Eagle Eagle Raid Lang will be Yao Jun Su. I heard. “
Li Shimin’s book can be decomposed into three parts:
First, the Eagle hit Lang in the late Sui Dynasty will be Yao Jun Su, such as “Bar Yao”.
“The dog barking Yao” literally means that Xia Yue’s dog shouted to Di Yao. In fact, the courtiers only knew the instructions of obeying the tyrant, regardless of good and evil.
Li Shimin’s words are in fact setting the tone of Yao Jun Su: Yao Jun Su is a person who resisted Li Tang.
Second, the ministers of all places in the end of the Sui Dynasty chose good trees and lived in good wood. They were not in the Tang Dynasty, but Yao Junsu did not do so. As the saying goes, when the wind knows the grass, Yao Junsu showed his original heart when the country was most critical. The article mentioned “the heart of the year”, and there is the same usage in the twelve years of “Zizhi Tongjian · Chen Xuan Emperor Chen Xuan Emperor Taijian”:
Liang Liangyi Ye Qian Cheng’s court, he should protect the cold.
Here, “the heart of the year” is a metaphor for loyal and unyielding morals.
This paragraph is that Li Shimin re -affirmed that Yao Jun Su was the loyal minister of Sui Dynasty on the basis of the previous tone to Yao Jun Su.
Third, the 20 -year -old Yao Jun Su was given the history of Puzhou, and gave him a name. And ordered whether to find Yao Jun Su still have children and grandchildren, if so, give me thick treat.
Tang Taizong Li Shimin is indeed a great emperor. His comments on Yao Junsu are indeed very objective, and he has no taboos to Yao Jun Su as a loyal minister.
There are many loyal ministers in Chinese history, Qu Yuan, Yue Fei, Wen Tianxiang, Fang Xiaoyu, Yu Qian, and Shi Kefa. They are all heroes who stay in the history of the Qing Dynasty. The sun, but there are very few people who know this ray of sunshine.