The countryside of Qingpu, Shanghai, is on fire! Aluminum plates, steel poles, downlights, Jiangnan culture can still be used in this way
In recent years, Shanghai’s urban renewal has continued to emerge with colorful cases and a hundred flowers blooming.
In the new phase, we launched the “Urban Renewal” series of reports.
The first article focuses on an interesting topic: what is the influence of Jiangnan culture on the current modern city of Shanghai?
What unexpected effects will occur when Jiangnan culture is integrated into urban renewal?
If you lose the charm of the water town, you lose your attractiveness
“There are event facilities, but why is there no vitality?” This question once troubled the managers of Zhangyan Village in Qingpu District.
Zhangyan Ancient Town, founded in the Northern Song Dynasty. The Jinjing Bridge, Zhaochang Bridge, City God Temple and other monuments that have survived a hundred years of wind and frost are still in place today.
In the past two years, a series of buildings that blend old and new have risen along the river, and some have won awards in the field of architecture and become Internet celebrity check-in points.
Only one road away from the ancient town is the Zhangyan Community Center and Party and Group Service Station (hereinafter referred to as the service center), a small courtyard enclosed in four directions, with two buildings, basketball courts, gateball courts, inner courtyards, and large areas of greenery.
It stands to reason that the modern service center is a good place for residents to do errands, activities, and leisure.
But in fact, it’s a great deal
Yao Dong, an associate professor at Tongji University, has previously done a series of renovation projects in Xujiahui Street, such as Nandan Neighborhood Hui, Leshan Neighborhood Hui, and Wangjiatang Neighborhood Hui, and he has a lot of experience in how to make space renewal promote community vitality. After taking over the renewal project of this service center, the first problem Yao Dong faced was to investigate the pulse:
A comprehensive service point, but residents rarely go, why?
“I think the reason is the loss of connection with Gangnam culture.”
Yao Dong replied.
What is Jiangnan culture, there are many academic explanations, regardless of it. From the perspective of natural landforms alone, the Yangtze River Delta Plain has a dense water network and abundant rainfall. Along the water system and water network, people who have lived here for generations have been formed for a long time
The mode of passage, economic production, life and leisure.
The Gangnam Garden was born from this
Fan Shan model water, creating a person and water, man and nature
Intimate space. Being in a man-made garden still seems to be resting between mountains and rivers, and you can feel the natural change of seasons.
In the process of modernization, when the boat line gave way to the car dealership, the element of water gradually retreated in the life of Jiangnan people.
The distance between people and water and their relationship with nature is gradually distant.
In particular, the living environment represented by automobile civilization has a great impact on the way of living.
But specific to Qingpu, there is still a rich water network here, and you can still see a river of smoke and water, a leaf of light boats; You can watch the sunrise and the flowers and fish play among the lotuses.
For the villagers here, the appearance of the service center before is completely a product of highway culture and automobile civilization. It’s like one sitting on the side of a road
Icy cement blocks
, no water, no nature, no nostalgia. Its attractiveness and affinity may not be as good as the village’s own doorstep.
Further analysis, the Chen Zhang Highway cuts the service center from the village. Villagers must cross the Chenzhang Highway to reach the service center.
Even if you cross the road, you will not see the buildings, only the towering greenery and walls around it. There is no entrance on the side of the road, and you need to walk a little further inside to find the hidden entrance on the side.
This kind of totally
Inward, sideways entrance, shaded by greenery
, isolated from nature, isolated from man. For the residents of Jiangnan Water Town, it has nothing to do with themselves and daily life.
You are suitable, open as well, and as well as O’Ruya
Yao Dong hopes that this place can be built into a “garden-style” service center that returns to nature.
The first step is to apply for a pedestrian crossing between the village and the service center. Villagers can
Stroll and stop.
Only when the speed is reduced can people better perceive the delicate changes of water, nature, and Jiangnan. If you sit in a car and step on the accelerator, people’s feelings are limited.
“The first is to adjust the movement and static. Increase walking lanes, pedestrian crossing lines, traffic lights, and reduce vehicle speed. It is not only convenient for residents to stroll, but also creates an opportunity for passing vehicles to slow down and see the scenery. Yao Dong said.
Then, the door of the service center changed direction,
Chen Zhang Highway. But anyone passing by, can
There is a spacious strip-shaped square on the side of the road, two or three steps up, is a row of wide floor-to-ceiling glass doors, which makes people feel the urge to push the door in.
Even if the car drove by, the person sitting on the right-hand side could easily notice the door and couldn’t help but look back.
The second step is to renovate the parking lot.
In the original service center, vehicles could drive straight in, into the bare, well-zoned courtyard and park directly at the entrance of the building.
But Yao Dong persuaded Party A,
Stopped the car outside the courtyard
。 Today, cars can still drive straight in, but along the fence is the parking area. People must
Get off the bus and walk into the courtyard before entering the building
At first, someone did not understand:
What is the need to take two extra steps?
But when you come to the renovated service center, you can intuitively understand how important it is to walk without avoiding traffic.
This is like a pedestrian street, when vehicles are not allowed to enter, the decorated pedestrian street makes people have it instantly
The atmosphere of shopping has become a public activity space where you can stop and watch freely, and it is no longer a road with traffic and only traffic functions
The same is true of service centers, the process of people walking into the courtyard is also a process of leisurely walking, slowing down, realizing that they have entered one
Common event area
The third step is to create a courtyard.
Today, the courtyard in front of the village office building and service center is mostly used as a parking lot. People get out of the car and go straight into the interior building.
But the traditional Jiangnan garden concept attaches great importance to space
“Transition” and “guidance”, focusing on the courtyard area
It is hoped that before people step into the closed building, there is a semi-outdoor transition, walking by the water and plants, so that people can touch nature and perceive nature.
Inspired by Jiangnan gardens and Qingpu culture, Yao Dong transformed the courtyard of the service center from a parking lot into a transitional space
Veranda and wading pool
The veranda is an important tool that naturally divides the courtyard into a bamboo garden and a tree garden. In the updated courtyard, you will see deep, see-through corridors, as well as open villages framed by corridor pillars in the foreground; You’ll see a straight and narrow promenade leading to the building, and you’ll also see a spacious courtyard space after turning your gaze.
Liu Zongyuan, one of the eight great masters of the Tang and Song Dynasties, once wrote: “You Zhishi, there are two great rates, Kuang Ruye, and Ao Ruye.” ”
To the effect that there are probably two realms of play:
place. Later generations said”
In the mystery, out of the open
Classical Chinese gardens, exquisite
The contrast between breadth and depth, the application of scenery and borrowed scene, the battle between straight lines and curves
。 So in a small miniature space,
Suddenly narrow, suddenly open, creating visual unknowns and infinite associations
, like a natural landscape, full of fun.
Wind and rain verandah
It is a major feature of Jiangnan Garden. The veranda is not only sheltered from the rain, but also a semi-open transition and a foothold for enjoying the scenery, and its own structure can create a contrast of sight and add interest to the space.
Reservoir village case, Yao Dong PPT screenshot
“Introducing Jiangnan gardens,
There is no need to deliberately put a bunch of specific rockeries
, if you can’t get it right, it’s out of place. Yao Dong explained, “We need to really understand the value of Jiangnan garden to use space, understand.”
The guidance of traditional culture to people’s lifestyle
, return to the human scale for design. ”
Antique in materials and shapes, modern rural service centers may not all be pink walls and tiles, but they
The spatial sight and step line created create a slow-down recreation, intimacy between man and nature, and create an atmosphere of public activities
——These people-oriented concepts may be the best enlightenment of Jiangnan culture for the current urban space renewal.
Jiangnan garden, returning to the scale of people
Entering the Zhangyan Community Center and Party and Group Service Station from Chenzhang Highway, the first thing that catches your eye is a large row of floor-to-ceiling doors and windows, in fact, it can all be opened and turned into an open square as an organic vegetable sales window, providing space for the next step of agricultural services, farmers’ income, and rural revitalization.
The side wall of the gate is designed as a “happiness check-in wall” where photos or small objects can be posted.
Walking through the door, the first thing is the spacious and bright dining room. Several elderly people are eating.
Before the renovation, it was the activity room of the village day care center, but it was not used efficiently. During the renovation, the function is highly integrated, which is not only a meal for the elderly, but also a day care center, and can also become a “guest hall” for purchasing rural fruits and vegetables and holding co-governance and sharing activities.
Walk inside, come to a row of verandas outdoors, stroll under the simple shallow pool, bamboo forest, white walls, and black roof, and enter the lobby of the service center.
The signage system inside the lobby has been carefully designed, and all the wayfinding information and LED lights on the first floor form a ring together, which is eye-catching and beautiful.
The digital guide area, lounge, and library are built next to the window. Feel free to sit by the window and bask in the sun while looking out over the courtyard.
Upstairs and downstairs are distributed with health rooms, Ganshan Ho’s Traditional Chinese Medicine Cultural Center, parent-child activity rooms, maker world, etc. The tiled courtyard leaves plenty of space for folklore events and festivals. The “Serve the People” sign, which was built in 2000, is still preserved and hangs at the entrance of the building.
The renovated service center is actually there
For a short time, in a more frugal, simple way
Complete the renovation update.
Its spatial intention and pattern distribution have the charm of Jiangnan garden, but it is not deliberately antiquity. For example, verandas,
The roof of the gallery is ordinary black aluminum panels, LED downlights, and the pillars are dark steel poles
But the greenery, white walls and black verandas form an interesting spatial relationship. In the deep and open space changes, the natural ecology of Jiangnan echoes the modern civilized life.
Yao Dong concluded that the renewal of community public buildings is often prone to several problems.
For example, the space appears
Isolated from the outside world, often enclosed by walls
, the gate is narrow and not easy to enter.
Some community centers have building facades
Tough, the internal environment seems cold
, as serious as an office. These all have an impact on the vitality of the space.
How to integrate the surrounding environment and create one
Open, shared, and relatable
Space is very critical.
Don’t be too fancy
Reasonable arrangement of natural light, seats, signs, lighting, reasonable use of space layout, functional composite superposition, can produce unexpected effects. The community service center not only provides the function of helping to solve difficulties, but also has a garden communication space that citizens can enjoy every day.
And all this, in the Jiangnan garden, there are good solutions to the problem for reference.
“In the final analysis, it is to transform the center of car behavior into the center of human behavior.” Yao Dong said, hope
The cosmology of the unity of heaven and man, the Jiangnan garden concept of Fan Shan Mo Shui
It can have more enlightenment for today’s urban renewal to build a people’s city and return to the scale of people.
Column editor-in-chief: Gong Danyun Text editor: Gong Danyun Title picture source: Figure worm Photo editor: Cao Liyuan
Text photo: Xinhua News Agency, provided by interviewed guests, photo by Gong Danyun
Source: Author: Gong Danyun
Wind and rain verandah
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