[Military martial art] Author: Lele
Domestic military industry has been there in the past decades, has been lagging behind international mainstream levels. From the 1980s, we have introduced weapons to Western countries. By the 1990s, they are purchased, and they are in China. When they design, they are insufficient, and they are purchased and introduced. Advanced weapons of other countries, improve the effective means of military strength. In this process, the domestic rendering of a forward-looking vision, solid foundation, and effective project management, most of them have succeeded or imitated in other countries. For example, from the Russian Su-27 fighter, the 歼 -11/16, which is introduced with Ukraine, has played an important role in the development of China’s related fields. However, domestic introduction and imitation are not completely smooth, and the Army has a failed, and in 2019, it continues to purchase, and the total purchase quantity exceeds 300 equipment, that is, Russian rice-171 helicopter.
▲ Rice-171 helicopter with landing equipment
In the 1980s, 24 black eagle helicopters were introduced from the United States from the United States in civil name, and mainly used as a plateau transportation tool. In the actual application process, the Army found that the performance of the black hawk helicopter was very excellent, especially in the high use of the plain terrain, which was high than the topography, the terrestrial transport of the climate, made the army first Experience the huge significance of transport helicopters in terrestrial delivery. However, when domestic considering continues to introduce the Black Eagle helicopter, the relationship between the two countries is deteriorating, and it has not been introduced. At this time, the relationship between China and the Soviet Union improved, so that the 60-frame -171 medium helicopter introduced to the Soviet Union, this is the beginning of Mi-171 arrived in China.
▲ Amateur Black Eagle Helicopter
In 1991, the first batch of 24-frame -171 arrived in China, this time is earlier than the Su-27SK fighter, and it is also the first batch of S-300, which is actually the first Subaver weapon in China. And the remainder (actual delivery of 35) is also delivered before 1995. The Army found that when using the rice-171 helicopter, the Army found that its performance was very reliable, relatively simple, and the transport capacity was strong, so it did not release it. Although this batch of rice-171 is introduced in civil name, there is no military model owned by military models, but the domestic manner is by installing the hanging rack or the rice-171 has a rocket. Ability, became the only airliner support firepower in the Army, as well as short-range assault transportation platforms.
▲ Mi-171 with Rockets in China after domestic transformation
In 2001 and 2002, China has purchased a total of 61 meters-171 helicopters, mainly by simple upgraded meters -17-V5, but the first batch, still in the name of civil, therefore It is also modified after buying it back. The reason for the introduction of the second batch of rice-171 in China, in addition to the demand for the medium-sized transport helicopter, in addition to the demand for medium-sized transportation helicopters, it is very cheap. According to the Russian quotation, the single price of this helicopter is only less than $ 4 million (civil version). In contrast, the price of the American Black Hawk Helicopter in the international US Dollar has reached approximately $ 12 million, even when domestic purchases of the black eagle in the 1980s, the unit price reached 6 million US dollars, the gap between the two was very obvious. Because of this, it was not only in China, but many countries did not release this performance reliable and cheap, the price of inexpensive, so that Russian-171 produced in Russia was basically purchased. One empty, even the United States provided funding to the Afghan army to purchase helicopters, and finally bought the singular situation of the second-handed rice-171 helicopter. However, things are favorable, and the rice-171 low cost will soon become a domestic imitation obstacle.
▲ Mi-171 is really cheap
In 2009, it was headed by the Air Force 5701 Factory. He organized domestic units. And the plan will eventually have the ability to produce independent production and improve the rice-171. However, China is only announced after the assembly of 10 meters-171, and the Blue Sky Helicopter Co., Ltd. will focus on the maintenance and protection of domestic rice-171, mainly because of rice-171 low to terrible prices. In general, there are two reasons for foreign weapons and equipment in China. First, it is desirable to master the corresponding design and manufacturing techniques, which makes the complete production capacity of weapons, avoiding external interference, it is best to improve the next generation of design production capacity, fundamentally solve the deficiencies in the relevant fields. Second, it is desirable to reduce purchase prices through domestic assembly or imitation. And these two points, there is no existence in Mi-171.
▲ Mi-171 performance is also very mature
The rice-171 itself is the export model derived from the rice-8 helicopter of the Soviet era, and the number of rice-8 has already exceeded 12,000. Such a high production quantity and rice-8 are pursuing a simple and reliable concept when designing, making the rice-8, meters -171 cost low to unimaginable, even if domestic products have always been known, but After the final assembly is completed, the cost is actually higher than import prices. In addition, the rice-171 is the foundation design of the 60-year-8 -8, after a large number of production, the remaining room is limited. Plus, the domestic direct-8 project has been continued for many years, and it is effective. Therefore, it is ultimately to give up the imitation rice-171, which makes it very rare to become a model of domestic imitation failures.
▲ straight-8 ultimately developed is not bad
After that, in 2009, in 2012, 84 models were purchased from Russia, which was based on the Mi-171, specially strengthened the model of the highlight performance. In 2019, the Army was a one-time purchased 86 frame-171, highlighting the attraction of rice-171 on land. However, it is necessary to say that this batch of rice-171 helicopter purchases, although it has confirmed the lack of development of domestic helicopters, but there is no too much relationship with straight -20. Because straight-20 is essentially on the basis of the domestic use of black Hawks Helicopter, the launched fast assault middle transporter, while rice-171 is actually similar to straight-8, more inclined to cargo transportation, and there is rear to enter and export channels Medium transport helicopter. Domestic re-bought rice-171, proved, is actually the shortcomings in China in large and medium helicopters.
▲ straight -20 and rice-171 difference is not small
Plus the rumor of the previous domestic purchase card-52k heavy armed helicopter, making the shortcomings in the field of heavy helicopters more obvious, especially in the United States, CH-53, CH-47, Russia with rice-26 heavy helicopters Next, this lack is undoubtedly a little glare. It does have a significant shortboard in the fields in the ground, long-distance delivery, and large weapons and equipment hangers. It is also highlighted for special combat forms such as landing operations. Although China is currently working with Russia to develop next-generation heavy helicopters, the external world is still unknown. Before it is really mature, the performance of rice-171 is extremely mature, the price is not high, and Russia can supply a lot of models, and it is bound to continue to serve in Luhang.