Abstract: This article gives two-one pictures to show a brief history of chinese water ’s dress.
The fifteen rituals of the Shang and Zhou dynasties; the deep clothes system of the Western Han Dynasty, the upper and lower skirts, and the market Luo Yi fluttered; The narrow clothes are flourishing, and the width of the world is wide; the dresses are loose in the late Tang Dynasty;
1. Clothing in the pre -Qin period
Course: The establishment of ancient clothes in my country, its service system has a profound impact on various historical dynasties in the future. The characteristics of the Huaxia costumes are the unique clothes, the wide clothes, “the clothes on the top, the bottom.” The skirt wearing the lower body is actually a skirt, not a pants.
Underwear: In short, leisure clothes are “underwear”, close -fitting clothes. Judging from the documentation data, there was a labage in the Shang and Zhou dynasties. Whether it was men, women and children, wearing habit of wearing obscene clothes. At that time, people wore leisure clothes to keep warm and absorb sweat.
Shoes: During the Shang and Zhou dynasties, the performance system was quite rich, and even the “屦 屦” specializing in the shoes for the emperor. During this period, the style, workmanship and decoration were very sophisticated. The clothing system has a strict system.
Second, Qin and Han clothing
Course: There is no big difference between the Qin Dynasty service and the Warring States Period, maintaining the style of “dressing dresses”. The Qin Dynasty served, and the color was still dark. The Women of the Han Dynasty were wearing two styles of dresses, as well as robes, and more styles of skirts. The most famous is the “Liuxian skirt”.
Underwear: “Palata belly, horizontal Pa’s belly. Holding the abdomen, there is a belly on the upper and lower, wrapped in the belly, and there are no crotchs. The heart clothes, holding the belly and applying a crotch between the shoulders “The foundation of” Heart Cloth “is” robe belly “.
Shoes: The Han Dynasty shoes were named for raw materials. There are leather, silk absence, hemp, and grass. The shape of the Han performance is wide, rough and stiff, and must be tied in order to facilitate walking when walking. In order to prevent the skin from being worn, a thicker cloth or socks are specially made.
Third, Wei, Jin, Northern and Southern Dynasties Clothing
Course: From the perspective of clothing, the impact of the Hu clothing is relatively large, the robe is the left placket, and the upper and lower length is its characteristics. “Below” refers to the trousers to the chest, the skirt is long, and the skirt of the aristocratic women should be five feet. Generally, women or slaves such as people or slaves wear large -sleeved shirts on the top.
Underwear: This underwear has both the front and the back film; it can be used as a chest, as well as the back, because the shape is named, commonly known as “two should”, and it is also written as “crotch”. The crotch was originally dedicated to underwear, also known as the vest. This name is still in use, and it is also the earliest form of later vests.
Shoes: During the Wei, Jin, Northern and Southern Dynasties, the production of shoes was more sophisticated and the style was more abundant. It was mainly manifested on shoes. Women’s shoes were like codes, standing phoenixes, flying heads, etc. Liang has a split tip, Wengtou Lu and so on. Mu Yan is more abundant in form and use at this time.
Fourth, Sui, Tang Five Dynasties Ten Kingdoms Clothing
Oculate: Women’s clothing during the Sui and Tang dynasties showed a different style, which was also related to the aesthetics at the time. At that time, she was beautiful with her body. The little girl liked to wear men’s clothing. During the queen of this period, the prince and concubine’s costumes with other precious women were also complicated and strict.
Underwear: Before the Tang Dynasty, the shoulders of the underwear in the early and middle period of the Tang Dynasty were dotted with bands. At the end of the Tang Dynasty, a kind of underwear without straps appeared, called “诃”. This is also determined by the characteristics of its coat: the woman in the late Tang Dynasty liked to wear a “half -exposed skirt”, and they were wearing a stubborn to cover their chests.
Shoes: In the Tang Dynasty, there were many styles such as high -headed performances, flat -headed performances, small -headed clouds, and flowers. Following the cloth of the brocade, hemp, silk, and 等, there are also grass primers made of grass grass. The woven technology of the grassland of the Tang Dynasty was exquisite, and it was like Yin Yin.
5. Song Dynasty clothing
Overnote: In general, the dress of women in the Song Dynasty, except for the large -sleeved shirts that were once popular in the Northern Song Dynasty, and the fat skirts, narrow, thin, long, and strange were the main features of women’s clothing during this period. At that time, many costumes were ingenious, and there were hundreds of patterns, showing the grand occasion of hundreds of claims.
Underwear: “The tube top”, as the name implies, protects the chest in front, “can cover the breasts on the top, it can cover the belly”, and the entire chest and abdomen are covered up, so it is also called “wipe”. There is also a slightly longer “belly”, which lays the foundation for the Qing Dynasty’s bellyband. Use a button or a band to tie behind the tube top.
Shoes: In the early days of the shoe style of the Song Dynasty, we wore boots during the DPRK and later changed to a performance. The shoes worn by ordinary people include straw shoes, cloth shoes, etc., named by the materials used. With the development of shoes culture, the shops that have been selling shoes in the society have begun to appear.
6. Yuan Dynasty clothing
Course: Han women still maintain the clothes of the Song Dynasty. The top has a thinner back, shirt, cloud shoulder, etc., wearing multiple pleated skirts, and generally combed the heart. Later, due to the influence of the Mongolian women’s clothing, wearing a dark brown or thick left, narrow sleeves, and waist beams of robes gradually increased.
Underwear: From the back to the front tie is its main feature. When wearing it from the back to the front, use a row of buttons in front of the chest, or use a rope belt and other ties. The fabrics of Hehuan are mostly brocade, and the patterns are continuous. Women’s clothing in the Yuan Dynasty included the costumes of Mongolian women and their ethnic women.
Shoes: Talking about one of the signs of the Yuan Dynasty shoes, it is cloth shoes. It is reported that in the end of the Yuan Dynasty, the towering of the toe and the thick women’s cloth shoes appeared on the upper year. This shoe made people look particularly slender. In fact, cloth shoes refer to shoes synthesized by fabric cloth such as cannabis, saga, silk, and brocade.
Seven, Ming and Qing dynasties
Course: The women’s clothing in the Ming Dynasty is different from the previous generation, but the impact of the giving up and the Yuan Dynasty can still be seen in the early Ming Dynasty. Wait. The most prominent of women’s clothing in the Qing Dynasty was the role of the button.
Underwear: The “main waist” is the name of the Ming Dynasty on the obscene clothes. The shape and simplification of the complication are different. There are similar tube tops, only “bundled between the chest and abdomen”, and there are hanging, sleeves, plackets, or nails. The shape of the buttons is often “non -red wrapped in wealth”, which has nothing to do with the gradually openness of the Ming Dynasty and the luxurious social atmosphere.
Shoes: The style of the people between the people and the nobles of the Ming Dynasty is not much different. Women’s shoes are the most popular with pointed and upturned crackered shoes, and there are exquisite embroidery on the side of the shoe. Labor women also wear flat -headed, round -headed shoes or grass -edited shoes. At this time, there are also high and low shoes with a high bottom of 7 cm in women’s shoes.
8. Republic of China clothing
Okname: Developed until the 1930s, cheongsam entered its heyday. During this period, the cheongsam style was widely used as a traditional basis of suits to become a kind of Chinese and Western clothing. The change is Shanghai’s clothing industry.
Underwear: The “tube top” in the Qing Dynasty, also known as the “bellyband”, because of the role of pockets, it can be hidden and incense. Generally, it is made into a diamond -shaped, with a strap on the top, and the other is two bands behind the waist. There are two other bands on the back, and the lower triangle is covered by the belly button to achieve the lower abdomen.
Shoes: At the end of the Qing Dynasty and the beginning of the Republic of China, folk women were still popular with “three -inch golden lotus”, so shoes were characterized by round tip of the front and round fertilizer in the rear. There are many types of women’s shoes, and there are rain shoes and sleeping shoes according to specific life; there are also named naming face shoes, deep -faced round shoes, soap shoes, etc.