Elaborate on the official hat chair: the similarities and differences between “North Official” and “South Official”丨Beauty in Chinese life
The form of the official hat chair is timeless and generous, elegant and dignified, containing a kind of elegant literati temperament.
On it, the clarity and dashing of the literati and inkers are vividly reflected. The shape of an official hat is also the ideological expression of the gentlemen’s “optimism to join the WTO.”
The name of the official hat chair is very figurative, because its appearance and side are similar to the official hats worn by ancient officials, so it is named.
Ancient official hats are low in front and high in the back, obviously divided into two parts, if the chair is compared with the official hat, especially from the side of the chair, the armrest is slightly like the front of the hat, and the back of the chair is like the back of the hat.
Official hat chair points”
Four-early official hat chair
Nanguan hat chair
“Two, about the difference in names, there is a very interesting saying in ancient times.
In the Song Dynasty, the south was mostly a place of exile and depreciation, and it was difficult for officials who were reviled to recover from it, and most of them remained in the local area sullenly until they left office or died.
From this, a consensus has emerged: officials serving in the North will have better development in their careers, and there is little hope for promotion of officials serving in the South.
Therefore, there are many chairs of this kind in the southern region, and the homonym “difficult to come out” is called the Nanguan hat chair.
And in the northern region, most of them are “Beijing officials”, at the foot of the Son of Heaven, the chance of promotion is higher, the oil and water are more sufficient, and because of the homonym of “four early heads” and “shi out of the head”, so the four out of the head system is used, called the four out of the head official hat chair.
In terms of format alone, the official hat chair can be said to be the leader in Ming-style furniture.
Four-early official hat chair: the atmosphere of “North Official”
The four-out official hat chair is also known as “Beiguan”, this form of chair was formed in the Song and Yuan dynasties, the earlier “Beiguan” is the four-out-headed armchair excavated from the tomb of Yan Deyuan in the Jin Dynasty in the collection of Datong Huayan Temple, and its shape indicates that the prototype of the four-headed official hat chair has been formed.
The so-called “early four” means that the two ends of the back chair and the front end of the left and right armrests are out, and its back plate is mostly “S” shaped, and it is made of a full plate.
The shape characteristics of the four-early official hat chair are: simple and generous shape, round columns and hind legs a wood, two armrests in the middle and bottom of the stick, the following thickness and thin upright, people sitting on the chair is more comfortable, in line with human function, is a boutique in the Ming-style chair.
Nanguan hat chair: “Nanguan” is beautiful
Nanguan hat chair, because it is used more in the south, southern craftsmen also call it “literary chair”.
Its biggest feature is that the two ends of the head and armrest do not come out, and the rounded corners give people an elegant and round feeling.
The Nanguan hat chair is characterized by armrests and a straight maple that bends down without showing its head, it looks simple, but in fact it is extremely sophisticated, vivid and dexterous, fresh and chic.
Nanguan hat chairs are usually divided into two categories: high-backed and low-backed, the height of the latter generally does not exceed 100 cm, of which the high-backed ones are more comfortable.
The Nanguan hat chair can be seen as an improvement of the four-headed official hat chair, which is generally considered to have appeared in the late Ming Dynasty.
Its size is basically the same as that of the four-early official hat chair, but the back of the head is lowered to the lower part of the person’s shoulders, and the tenon points of the armrest and the two pillars on the back of the chair have been moved up by an inch, forming a high and low trend behind the armrest, which is more suitable for the support of the seater’s hands.
The main feature of the Nanguan hat chair is that the two ends of the head and armrests do not come out, the corners are round, exuding an elegant and round feeling, and it adopts the “digging tobacco bag pot” style mortise and tenon production process to process a smooth and smooth effect.
In addition, the middle backrest of the Nanguan hat chair is often made of thick material with an S-shaped plate, which is designed according to the curve of the human spine, and it feels very comfortable to lean on.
As far as the chair itself is concerned, points, lines, texture, and color constitute the basic elements of its modeling aesthetic.
Although its chair surface, legs and other lower structures are mainly straight lines, the upper chair back, brain, armrests and even vertical maples and goose necks are full of flexible atmosphere, dignified, simple and elegant.
Whether ancient or modern, whether in the hall or in the study, the official hat chair can better render a calm and peaceful atmosphere for the environment.
Overall, the difference in appearance between the four-early official hat chair and the south official hat chair is:
The “North Official” is atmospheric, and the “South Official” is beautiful.
“Northern officials” love “coming out”, and “southern officials” love “sullen”.
As a “meaningful form”, the beauty of the official hat chair in the composition is also meaningful.
The ratio between the head and the armrest: The head of the brain, rather short than long, must be slightly shorter than the head of the armrest.
The ratio between the brain and the backrest plate: The length of the head part of the brainrest should be about 1/2 of the width of the half of the back plate, if it reaches or exceeds 3/4, it cannot show the unique subtle and gentle temperament given to the chair by the Jiangnan literati.
The optimal proportion of the backrest plate: generally there are S bent backrest plate and three-section backrest plate, S-curved backrest plate, to conform to the proportion of the human body, close to the proportion of the human spine, forming a perfect arc.
From an ergonomic point of view, the official hat chair is a human-oriented design model – it can not only meet the needs of people’s sitting behavior, but also make people sit comfortably and healthily.
The general seat height of the official hat chair is about 52cm, which is not easy to fatigue the waist, and there is a stepping board between the lower sections of the front legs to alleviate the lack of activity.
The general seat width of the official hat chair is more than 48cm, which also fully meets the standard that the seat width of the armchair must ≥ 46cm.
There is also the control of the size of the head of the brain and armrest, the proportional relationship between the S-shaped back plate and the human spine, etc., which can truly bear the praise of generosity and practicality.
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