The Jia Jia Manuscript, one of the lipid commentaries “Stone Records”, is considered to be the most precious of the existing manuscripts, and it is also the earliest existing manuscript of the “Stone Records”, and it is also the closest to the original appearance of Cao Xueqin’s original manuscript.
Why is it called Kokamoto?
Because in the text of the first description of the title of the book, there is “
To the fat Yanzhai Jia Jiao copy and re-comment, still use the “Stone Record”
The year of Jia is also the 19th year of Qianlong, that is, 1754.
And Cheng Jiaben – the official birth time of the 120th “Dream of Red Mansions” is 1791.
In other words, if the time recorded in this book is true, then it is 37 years earlier than Cheng Jiaben.
Although this book is a fragment, only sixteen times (1-8 times, 13-16 times, 25-28 times), there are many lipid annotations, and there are far more lipid batches in each cycle than other lipid books, especially some important criticisms that other lipid commentaries do not have. Lines such as “
Every word seems to be blood, and ten years of hard work is unusual
This is from the annotation in the Jiaoben.
In this book, there is a fat batch that records Cao Xueqin’s death
“Noon Chinese New Year’s Eve”
, Non noon, that is, 1762, that is to say, Cao Xueqin died in 1762 Chinese New Year’s Eve, thus basically determining Cao Xueqin’s birth and death year.
The real discoverer of Jia Jiaben is still Hu Shi, and this discovery is very dramatic.
Part of my collection of Dream of the Red Mansion
At first, the collector of the jia book was Liu Weitan, a famous collector of Beijing Daxing in the Qing Dynasty.
He bought this book from a drumming drum, a total of thirty-two times, and after his death, it was passed on to his son Liu Quanfu.
Liu Quanfu is also an elegant person, both a collector and a good cultivator of flowers and trees. He must have cherished this book, but he died in the middle of Guangxu. Since then, the whereabouts of this book have been unknown.
About 30 years later, the book reappeared in Shanghai, but only 16 fragments remained.
In the summer of 1927, at the age of 36, Hu Shi returned from overseas and wrote a letter saying that a copy of the manuscript, “Li Yanzhai Reappraisal of the Stone Record”, was willing to give it to him.
At that time, Hu Shi thought that the “re-evaluation” of “Stone Notes” was probably worthless, so he did not reply at that time.
Soon, an auction advertisement for the Shanghai Crescent Bookstore came out, and the book collector sent the book to the store to hand over to Hu Shi to see.
He read it again, and if he got the treasure, he was convinced that this was the oldest copy of the “Book of Stones” in Hai, so he bought this book at a heavy price.
In February 1928, Hu Shi compared and proofread the Jia Ben with the Qi Xuan Ben, Cheng Jiaben and Cheng Yi Ben, and wrote the article “New Materials for Examining the Dream of the Red Mansion”.
Thus, the new red science officially began.
A book of Kokabon stones published by the Humanities Society
On December 16, 1948, Hu Shi went south, hurriedly left, and could only leave his entire collection of books, taking with him only these 16 copies of the Jia and a copy of Cheng Yi that he had collected.
When Hu Shi died in 1962, he deposited the book in the Cornell University Library in the United States, and in early 2005, it was purchased back by the Shanghai Museum.
Today, there are about a dozen versions of regular publications photocopied according to Jiaoben, but most of them are thread-bound rice paper, and most of them are limited editions, and the price is generally more than 10,000 yuan, which is prohibitive for ordinary collectors.
The book in my collection was published by the People’s Literature Publishing House, dated January 1, 2010, with a total of 494 pages and a price of 80.
Compared with other wire-bound rice paper versions, although the humanistic version of the jia book is more rudimentary, it is still elegant, the printing is also very exquisite, and there are more Hu Shi inscriptions, Zhou Ruchang’s careful knowledge, which adds a lot of color to this book.
Among the many manuscripts of the “Stone Record”, the calligraphy of Jia Jiao is quite beautiful, readable and appreciated, and the art of calligraphy and literature are interesting, pleasing to the eye, and there is a feeling of dialogue with the ancients.
Finally, it is necessary to mention another book related to the Jia Ji Ben, that is, the “Fat Yanzhai Reappraisal of the Stone Ji Ji School Book” published by the Writers Publishing House in 2000.
What is school-based? It is also based on the original appearance of the Jiao Background Book, and its text is collated and finally the simplified or traditional version can be read by ordinary readers.
This book is the revised version of the first edition of Dream of the Red Mansion, published at home and abroad. The editor is Deng Suifu, who has grown from a middle school graduate to a famous contemporary scholar and red scholar, and is a strange person.
In 2000, Deng Suifu launched the “Fat Yanzhai Reappraisal of Shiji Jia Jiao School Book”, and in April 2006, he completed the larger amount of “Fat Yanzhai Reappraisal of Stone Records Gengchen School Book”. He single-handedly completed the revision of the two major editions of the lipid commentary, which lasted twenty years before and after, on and off.
Such a huge and time-consuming revision work was done by him alone in his own book. His book is called “Shi Mengzhai”.
If you have a dream, you have to chase it, which is the inspiration that Deng Suifu gave me.
Deng Suifu’s “Fat Yanzhai Reappraisal of the Stone Jia Jiao School Book”